PAN – by http://www.polserra.blogspotcom
Statue of Pan and the she-goat on display at the ‘Life and Death in Pompeii and Herculaneum’ exhibition: British Museum. On loan from the Museum in Naples where it is normally kept behind a curtain with an age restriction of fourteen. This was not thought necessary by the British Museum curators.
The ancient statue was unearthed from the Villa dei Papiri in 1752 and the King and Queen of Naples and all the court were present as it was brought to light . They were horrified when they saw what it depicted as a contemporary report explains:
“Amidst a flotilla of courtiers in silks and befurred velvet finery, Charles and his Prussian wife Queen Maria Amalia arrived in a rustling, stately procession and took their seats on folding chairs. From the bowels of the earth the carved white marble group of two embracing figures, which Weber had found in the Great Peristyle, appeared at the mouth of the tunnel, borne upon a litter carried by prison labourers. A shiver of excitement rippled through the court. Already the dainty turn of that horn revealed the prized Greek look. When the whole sculpture group hoved into view two heads could be seen and two bodies. One seemed to be a man of sorts, though at closer look he wore two small horns on his head. He gazed fondly into the female’s languid marble eyes. For locked in his embrace was a female goat, surely the prettiest in the flock, whom he was in the act of penetrating.”
The King was so shocked that he ordered the excavation to be halted and the statue was thereafter hidden away and kept under lock and key in the gabinetto segreto. It was not actually viewable to the general public until the year 2000. More on its subsequent history here:
Photo credit: www.flickr.com/photos/deemac/
Art – by www.dilekbaykara.us
Art – by Daniel Lovely
Many view Pan as just a Nature Demigod, and while some aspects to this are accurate, it’s not completely who he is. Pan is VERY ancient, he is older then the Olympians. If you look deep into his mythos. It was he who gave Artemis her hunting dogs, taught Apollo the gift of prophecy, Avenged Rhea, Located Demeter (after her daughter Persephone was captured by Hades, and Demeter in her grief, left the crops to wither and rot) and aided Zeus in the war against the Titans (by causing mad panic, with his blood-curdling war cry).
He has manifested into different deities for ages – they even have names (the one referred to in Greek Myths, is actually Nomios, also meaning from Arcadia):
- PAN (Actual Pan, the original deity)
- NOMIOS (The Pan that appears in Greek Myths)
- PANEIDES (The twelve sons of Pan, also known as “Panes” their names are: Kelaineus, Argennon, Aigikoros, Eugeneios, Omester, Daphoineus, Phobos, Philamnos, Xanthos, Glaukos, Argos, and Phorbas)
- PAN SYBARIOS
- And PHAUNOS.
THE GREAT GOD PAN IS DEAD RUMOR
There is also a rumor, written by a Greek historian named Plutarch, called “The Great God Pan is Dead”. Plutarch wrote that a sailor named Thamus heard a divine voice across the sea, say to him that Pan is dead, and that once he reached the shore (in Palodes), he was to announce to everyone that the Great Pan was dead, and he did.
FIRST OF ALL, this very well could have been, and probably was, allegorical and not literal. It meant that Pan was dead in a sense, because the beginning of Christianity was in sight, and what better way to convert Pagans to Christianity, then to spread a rumor of Pan’s death. It is also said that Thamus misunderstood what was told to him, by this “divine” voice across the sea (speculated as the Christian “God”), however the Christians at the time, took it and ran with it, claiming an end to Paganism.
ANYONE who has connected with Pan, knows that he in fact, IS NOT DEAD, and is very much alive. Furthermore, if this rumor even had an ounce of truth, Pan can’t die; He is a god, and he is many gods (as mentioned above).
Source: My knowledge, and www.theoi.com/Georgikos/Panes.html
Pan and Nymphs – by Julian Jordanov