(From Signorelli’s Court of Pan: A Search for the Subject of a Familiar Masterpiece, by Mark Christopher Smith)
Pan is a rustic god formed in the likeness of Nature, which is why he is called Pan, which in some stories means »All«. His horns are like the rays of the sun and the horns of the moon: his face is ruddy like the morning air; His mule-skin breast-plate is covered with stars; his lower parts bristle with hair like thickets and foliage and the fur of animals; his goat’s feet reflect the solidity of the earth. He carries a flute with seven reeds for the seven harmonious voices of the heavens, and a shepherd’s crook, which revolves back upon itself like the seasons of the year. Because he is the god of Nature, the poets say he fought with Cupid (Love) and lost, because Love (Cupid) —- conquers All (Pan).
(Illustration from The Pipes of Pan by Lester del Rey. The illustration reads ” Pan piped softly and mournfully at the grave of his last worshiper.”)
(The new Pan page)